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劳动节的由来 the story of May day

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2016-11-13

The international workers' day, also known as May day, is celebrated on the first day on May. There are more than eighty countries celebrate this festival since 1889. People may know that the worker's day is about having a rest on that day, but most of them don't know how this day comes from and the story behind it.

五一国际劳动节,又称为五一节,在每年的5月1日庆祝。从1889年开始,全球共有超过八十个国家庆祝这一节日。人们可能会认为劳动节就是在5月1日放假,不用上班,但大多数人不知道劳动节是怎么来的以及它背后的故事。

In the late of 18 century, the cruel capitalists in order to make more money, they demanded their employers to work all day, but only paid them with low salaries. In America, the workers had to work at least 14 hours a day, sometimes, they even worked as long as 18 hours. Due to the unfair payment, the works knew that they had to stand up and fight for their rights, or all of them will die young. Then the workers started to go on strike, demanded that the reasonable working hours should be 8 hours a day. However, the capitalists did not pay attention to the workers' demand. The workers had to fight for their rights for themselves. On may 1st, 1886, the United States and Canada's worker unions got together to start the biggest strike. After that day, the law had passed the rules that the workers' working hours would be 8 hours per day. This strike had made a different. The worker did not need to suffer from the long working hours with low payment.

在18世纪末,残酷的资本家为了创造更多的价值,他们要求工人们整天工作,却给工人支付极少的报酬。在美国,工人们每天至少要工作14个小时,有时候,他们甚至要工作长达18个小时。因为不合理的报酬,工人们深知只有站起来反抗才能获取自己的合法权益,免得他们就会过劳死。工人们开始罢工,要求每天的合理工作时间为八小时。然而,资本家们却不理会工人们的要求。工人们只有继续争取自己的权益。在1886年5月1号,美国和加拿大的工作团体聚集在一起,发起了有史以来最大的罢工。从那之后,法律通过了每天工作8小时的条例。这次罢工改变了历史。工人们不用再次忍受长时间的工作以及少得可怜的报酬。

The international worker's day aims to memorize the spirit of brave and show our honor to the former workers. Because they had make great contribution to today's happiness.

五一劳动节的目的在于纪念劳动者坚强勇敢的精神以及向前辈劳动人民的尊敬。因为他们付出了太多的努力来换取我们今日的幸福。

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